Unit of Study
Topic Area: Social Science
Grade Level: 6-8
Time Frame: 2 to 3 weeks
Key Words: Civil War Union Confederacy War between the States
Tracy Upton (TU001)
Unit Designer E-mail: Tracy.Upton@k12.sd.us
School District: Milbank
Date Added: 6/25/2002 3:23:18 PM
Date Last Revised: 6/26/2002 8:55:55 AM
Peer Reviewer E-mail: Eric.Schultz@k12.sd.us
Standard Goals (SD
Students will understand the emergence and development of civilization
over time and place.
Students will understand the interrelationships of people, places, and the
Analyze the chronology of various historical eras to determine connections
and cause/effect relationships.
Evaluate the impact of historical events, ideals, and documents on the
formation of the United States government
summarize the causes, key events, and effects of the Civil War with
emphasis on philosophical differences between the North and South, as
exemplified by men such as Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun on the
constitutional issues of the doctrine of nullification and secession;
geographic and economic differences between the agricultural South and
industrial North; Abraham Lincoln’s presidency and his significant
writings and speeches and their relationship to the Declaration of
Independence, such as his "House Divided" speech (1858), the
Gettysburg Address (1863), his second inaugural address of 1865; the views
and lives of leaders and soldiers on both sides of the war including
Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, Frederick Douglass,
William Lloyd Garrison, and Sojourner Truth; and the critical developments
in the war including the major battles, geographical advantages and
obstacles, technological advances, and Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.
Other Content Standards:
1. S.D. English determine the appropriate technology to gather, organize,
and retrieve information. (
organize text to support a specific focus, point-of-view, and/or purpose
use a variety of techniques to generate, draft, revise, edit, and publish
organize information to achieve a particular purpose. (example: adapt
message to audience and context)
design visual aids using various techniques to emphasize key ideas.
(example: color, boxing, underlining, highlighting)
use audio-visual equipment to enhance oral communication.
National Technology standards
Technology productivity tools
Students use technology tools to enhance learning, increase productivity,
and promote creativity.
Students use productivity tools to collaborate in constructing
technology-enhanced models, prepare publications, and produce other
Brief Summary of
Few events in U.S. History capture the imagination of people like the
civil war. Students will go through The Civil war from Fort Sumter to
Appomattox. Students will be involved in a variety of activities to gain
an understanding of the events of the War and why this war stirs the
emotions of the American people.
Students will gain an understanding about the chronological course of the
Students will understand how individuals within a nation in crisis will
seek to use available resources to accomplish a goal.
Students will gain an understanding to the feelings of individuals in our
nation during the war.
Questions to Guide this Unit and Focus Teaching and Learning:
What advantages and disadvantages did both sides have at the beginning of
How did each side create and follow through with strategies to take
advantage of their strengths or overcome their weaknesses.
How did both sides try to win the war at sea.
How did the Union gain control of the Mississippi.
What key battles were fought and why were they important.
Why was the North unsuccessful in their attempts to capture Richmond.
How was the North able to finally defeat the South.
Why did Lincoln announce the Emancipation Proclamation.
What was it really like on the battlefield. How are battles fought.
Key Knowledge and
Skills Students will Acquire:
1. Students will identify various components of a major battle.
2. Students will relate why these tactics were not appropriate given the
technology of the day.
3. Students will relate the results of battle by this strategy.
4. Students will be able to identify the advantages and disadvantages of
5. Students will be able to describe the strategy of the North and South.
6. Students will be able to identify various naval battles and modern
improvements used by both sides.
7. Students will be able to tell how the Union gained control of the
Mississippi and the result of that.
8. Students will explain why the Emancipation Proclamation was issued by
Lincoln and what effect that had on the course of the war.
9. Students will be able to explain why Grant was successful in the east
when his predecessors were not.
10. Students will be able to tell of what life was like on the home front
in both the North and South.
11. Students will be able to describe why there was opposition to the war
and the draft.
Students will complete various readings and short essay questions for each
of those readings.
Students will complete a powerpoint of one of many topics dealing with the
Students will complete a teacher created test at the end of the unit.
Students will be working extensively with maps. They will be labeling the
states, geographical areas, and major battles and movements as we progress
through the war.
Students will work in their books, reading and completing written
Students will be working in the Computer lab. They will be reseaching and
developing a power point on and area of interest.
Students will be working cooperatively in groups and "do battle"
against other groups. Winning being based on correctly answering questions
about the war.